Posted date: Fri Jun 24 08:00:00 SGT 2016 Fri Jun 24 08:00:00 SGT 2016
Student-Centered Learning - A Practical Perspective
- ‘the reliance on active rather than passive learning,
- an emphasis on deep learning and understanding
- increased responsibility and accountability on the part of the student
- an increased sense of autonomy in the student
- an interdependence between teacher and learner
- mutual respect within the learner-teacher relationship
- and a reflexive approach to the teaching and learning process on the part of both teacher and learner’
|Teacher-centered learning||Student-centered learning|
|Low level of student choice||High level of student choice|
|Student passive||Student active|
Power with teacher (autocratic)
Power with student (democratic)
- The lecturer should always lead by example. Hence, if you want your students to show interest in the topic, you must also show interest in it. Hence, deliver your lectures enthusiastically and dynamically by using gestures, animated tones and different facial expressions. Remember, enthusiasm is contagious. The worst thing you could do is to stand in front of the LT for three hours and speak in a dull monotonous voice.
- Lecturers should encourage participation in class by encouraging students to formulate answers either by forming groups or even individually.
- The Lecturer should be an active participant in the learning process. Walk around the LT, interact with the students and encourage them to provide answers instead of simply standing or siting at the front of the LT.
- It is also useful to provide positive encouragement and support. For example, praise students for good answers and even for attempting to provide an answer.
- Use humor appropriately in the LT. Hence lectures could prepare jokes and cartoons relevant to the topic.
- Distinguish tutorials from lectures. The purpose of the tutorial session is to enable the students to generate solutions to the given problem and this objective should be clearly communicated to the student at the very beginning. The role of the tutor should therefore be to correct (if necessary) the given solutions that are initially provided by the students.
- Participation is especially crucial in a tutorial session. Hence, using group work is particularly important. Break up the tutorial class into groups and get the various groups to present the answers to the class after a given time. The other groups should be encouraged to comment or critique the answers provided by the presenting group. In this way, common mistakes made could be highlighted and corrected.
- Use a variety of techniques. For example group work, individual work, or working in pairs. Pair quiet students with active ones to encourage interaction and alter the groups from time to time. Some questions could be assigned as homework whereas others could be done directly during the tutorials as quizzes.
- Use a variety of sitting arrangements. The tutors can design creative seating arrangements so that students can interact comfortably, for example sitting in a conference arrangement to encourage the exchange of ideas within the entire tutorial group.
Bibliography & References
Article contributor: Balwant Singh
Category: Definitions, Literature review